L'Hotel National des Invalides, more commonly known as Les Invalides, is a prominent structural complex in Paris, France. It was originally built as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans. At present, the complex buildings are best known for housing museums, chapels, monuments, and the tomb of none other than Napoleon I. The famous structure was first built as on 1670 both as hospital and a home for the sick and aged soldiers.
Les Invalides has fifteen courtyards, a chapel for the soldiers, a private royal chapel (Eglise du Rome or Dome des Invalides), an esplanade, and the museums de l'Armee,Musee des Plans-Relief, Musee de l'ordre de la Liberation and the Musee d'Histoire Contemponaire. Cour d'honneur (court of honor), being the largest courtyard in the complex, was for military parades. It was on 1679 that the chapel for the soldiers, Church Saint-Louis (Eglise Saint-Louis des Invalides), was built. Not long after, the Dome des Invalides was also built for sole use of the royal family.
The Musee de l'Armee was established after the merging of the Museum of Artillery and Historical Museum of the Army. The museum prides itself for its collection of weapons, uniforms and banners, armors and paintings and covers the military history from the middle ages to the early 20th century. Other museums are in Les Invalides are: the Musee des Plans-Reliefs and the Musee de l'ordre de la Liberation. The former contains detailed military maps and models of fortified cities and fortresses and the latter was created to recognize France's liberty and exhibits more than three thousand artifacts.
To this day, Les Invalides provides medical assistance to retired and disabled veterans through the Institution Nationale des Invalides. 墓地 横浜市青葉区